Nombre de messages : 39311
Date d'inscription : 23/05/2007
|Sujet: régime Marie Antoinette Ven 31 Jan - 14:35|| |
Ah ben v'là aut' chos' maintenant! Maigrissez Marie Antoinettement! Let them eat cake for breakfast? The latest fad in dietingHow we consume is a measure of our wider fears and securities. What does the Marie Antoinette Diet tell us about ourselves?Cake for breakfast? Photograph: AlamyDieting is boring. Doing it, talking about it, calculating the maths. Hearing other people's diet stories is rivalled only by hearing about their dreams for sheer conversational agony. Eat the muffin, don't eat the muffin; but while we stand here in line at Starbucks, do we have to have a three-act play about whether or not you're going to eat the muffin?
The psychodrama of whether or not to eat the muffin isn't trivial to the dieter, of course, and it's in this space – between boredom and despair – that the diet industry lives and exploits us. Every year, it dumps another January publication schedule of ridiculous titles on a pliant marketplace, depressed by having "failed" at the previous year's regime.
It's funny how absurd these things look on first viewing, and how quickly they get absorbed by the culture. Do you remember how, in 2010, when the New York Times Style Section ran that first trend piece about the Paleo diet, everyone mocked it for going so far beyond parody that it threatened to service another trend piece by actually spelling the death of something?
This January, there are at least four straight-faced Paleo cookbooks in the diet section of the bookstore (Paleo for Beginners, 40 Top Paleo Recipes, The Paleo Diet Revised and, leaving no stone unturned, Paleo Dessert Recipes), and the word has been almost entirely stripped of its ridiculousness.
Its place in the life-cycle – as a repository for scorn that somehow props up the legitimacy of the entire system – has been filled by something else that will, for a short while, be considered even more ludicrous, until it is itself replaced next January. There's a metaphor in here about capitalism that I can't quite fish out, but never mind. What a bumper year for new diet books it is!
How we consume is a measure of our wider fears and securities and in the last couple of years, popular diets have centred around re-workings of the traditional model of cutting something out, the gimmick in this case being entire food groups, sometimes under the auspices of allergies, with liberal use of the word "intolerance" and triggering fight-backs from those food industries most affected – wheat and dairy in particular.
This year, recessionary diet plans centering on denial seem, at a marketing level at least, to have given way to what might be called indulgence-based programmes. If the Paleo diet restricts you to things you could only find in the Stone Age, this year's over-correction comes in the form of the treat-yourself diet, wherein you put back all the stuff you've been told to avoid. (Spoiler alert! The trick is in portion control).
It is, as ever, Oprah's lifestyle guru Deepak Chopra who lays the broad, cultural bones of this shift with a book called What Are You Hungry For? in which he suggests that we are asking ourselves the wrong questions. To wit: not what should I eat, or how much of it, but "what are you hungry for? Food? Love? Self-esteem? Peace?" The suggestion, writes Chopra, is that "weight loss based on a deeper awareness of why people overeat" is more effective than the metrics of calorie counting.
This is not insane. Weight is often a symptom not a cause of unhappiness, and there are good health reasons for taking the holistic mind/body approach.
There are also good marketing reasons. Step forward the Marie Antoinette Diet, published this month, in which you are invited to be "inspired by Marie Antoinette's eating habits," in particular, "a recipe for the health-boosting 'wonder' soup that the queen ate for dinner every evening."
It's not about the soup, obviously. As the book blurb has it, "the French queen ate cake for breakfast and was fond of hot chocolate, but seems to have known instinctively what scientific studies have recently shown: for example, it is not what you eat, but when you eat it." This is not, you'll be surprised to hear, written by Andy Borowitz or Craig Brown but by Karen Wheeler, a fashion and beauty journalist who lives in France and found herself, while reading a biography of the French queen, wondering just how far she could run with the let-them-eat-cake trope.
This is how far: "Why eating cake for breakfast promotes weight loss."
It makes the claims of The No Excuses Diet by Jonathan Roche, published last week and promising weight loss "without dieting and without long workouts!" (by helping you "identify what truly motivates you") look positively restrained.
There are good philosophical underpinnings to some of this, and you could probably write a lively university thesis entitled All Good Diets are Anti-Diets. Research suggests that it is the smaller, attainable goals that reward, rather than radical changes that may prove unsustainable.
The problem is that a large part of the diet industry would like you to fail and come back next year for more. The best-seller lists know us too well – our lack of attention span, our need to be teased and bullied into a regimen – and reward us with built-in obsolescence.
The cycle of weight loss and gain that characterizes most individual diets, applies to the industry as a whole. You bought Atkins, you failed at Atkins and now, here it is, the title you've been waiting for, published this month and announcing a new chapter in the whole sorry cycle: Mirsad Hasic's Atkins Diet Mistakes You Wish You Knew.
If that isn't having your cake and eating it, I don't know what is.
rien que la mort peut me faire cesser de vous aimer
Nombre de messages : 39311
Date d'inscription : 23/05/2007
|Sujet: Re: régime Marie Antoinette Dim 9 Fév - 11:35|| |
En fait, c'est du sérieux, parait-il... Cake for breakfast, a slap-up lunch and bone broth for tea: Why Marie Antoinette's diet was the 5:2 of its day
Marie Antoinette ate cake in the morning and had her main meal at lunch
She had a tiny 23in waist and remained trim after the birth of four children
By EVE MCGOWAN
... et le corset, il est fourni avec le régime?! Given the current hysteria about sugar, a weight-loss diet that advocates eating cake for breakfast seems somewhat behind the times. But then it is based on a regime - according to author and fashion writer Karen Wheeler - that Marie Antoinette relied on to keep her whippet-thin.
Wheeler was inspired by a biography of the French queen that included fascinating details about what she ate in extracts from the memoirs of her lady-in-waiting, Madame Campan.
And yes, she really did eat cake.
On n'a pas dû lire tout à fait la même édition... French women are three times less likely than a Briton to suffer a heart attackThe Marie Antoinette Diet seems contradictory, but pastries and indulgences like red wine are staples of Gallic diets - and national statistics show French women are three times less likely than a Briton to suffer a heart attack, and have an average BMI of 23.9 compared to 26.9 for the average British woman.
So was the vilified wife of Louis XVI, who was executed by guillotine during the French Revolution in 1793 at the age of just 37, on to something?LET THEM EAT CAKE... FOR BREAKFAST!
Marie Antoinette indulged her sweet tooth in the mornings, had her main meal of meat or fish with vegetables and pulses at lunchtime and ate little more than soup in the evenings.
The diet seems to have paid off, for measurements recorded by her seamstress reveal she had a tiny 23in waist and remained trim after the birth of four children.
Wheeler herself lost one-and-a-half stone after ten weeks on the regime.
She knew she would be unable to live with a diet that denied her cake, but her research indicated that if you must eat cake, then early in the day is the best time to do so as this is when the body's metabolism is most active and you have the rest of the day to burn off the calories.
Those allowed chocolate as part of a balanced breakfast lost more weight
Cake for breakfast can also keep cravings at bay for the rest of the day. A study at Tel Aviv University found greater weight loss among participants who were allowed chocolate treats as part of a balanced breakfast compared to those in a group who weren't.
Additionally, those in the non-cake group reported less satisfaction and were less likely to stick to the diet.
However, the cake should be part of (or follow on from, an hour or so later) a healthy and low-GI breakfast such as muesli, yogurt and blueberries.
And for the Marie Antoinette Diet to work, it's necessary to exercise some common sense in terms of portion size too. Your cake should be no more than a 75g slice.
It's also advisable to make it yourself to avoid the additives that are often found in shop-bought confectionery, and Wheeler advises cutting the sugar content by 25 to 30 per cent, which shouldn't make a huge difference to the taste.
Nutritionist Jackie Lynch (well-well-well.co.uk) says: 'A diet that allows wriggle room and doesn't forbid any particular food group is likely to be more sustainable in the long term.
'But you don't need to be a specialist in nutrition to suspect that eating cake for breakfast every day isn't going to help your waistline. A sliver of madeira cake or similar alongside a balanced protein-fibre breakfast as an occasional treat is one thing; eating chocolate fudge cake on a daily basis, no matter what time of day it is, is quite another.'
A SENSIBLE LUNCH BEATS HUNGER LATER
The Marie Antoinette Diet involves eating your main meal at lunchtime, as was the custom of the 18th Century French court.
This meal should contain low-GI foods that release energy slowly over the course of the afternoon, such as brown rice, sweet potatoes or lentils.
These should make up a quarter of your plate with half made up of vegetables and the remaining quarter a lean protein like meat or fish.
Lynch says: 'This is by far the best part of the diet - a balanced meal like this will help to avoid the classic mid-afternoon energy slump which can lead to cravings.'
A TYPICAL DAY ON THE MARIE ANTOINETTE PLAN
Breakfast - Mixed berries with plain yogurt and nuts plus a modest slice of home-made cake.
Lunch - A light soup followed by a skinless chicken breast or salmon fillet with quinoa and mixed vegetables.
Afternoon snack - A handful of almonds mixed with sunflower seeds and sesame seeds.
Supper - (no later than 8pm if possible) Broth with side salad and a small piece of chicken or cheese.
SOUP: THE SPECIAL INGREDIENT
A major element of the diet is a 'wonder soup' prepared from a centuries-old recipe that Marie Antoinette ate every evening as part of her light supper at the palace of Versailles. It would have been prepared from left-over bones and fresh vegetables from the king's kitchen.
Soup, says Wheeler, satisfies hunger faster than other foods. Feeling fuller for longer prevents the cells of the stomach wall releasing the hormone ghrelin that triggers hunger pangs.
The Marie Antoinette soup is prepared by boiling chicken, lamb or beef bones for a couple of hours or more, much as you would to make a flavoursome stock.
The long boiling time releases minerals from the bones - a process helped by adding a splash of vinegar or white wine. Some meat can be left on the bones to boost the soup's protein content.
The stock yields compounds such as glucosamine, chondroitin and collagen, all vital for joint health.
If you must eat cake, then early in the day is the best time to do so
Vegetables such as onion, garlic, celery, kale, chard and carrots are added, as well as turmeric and herbs, and each bowl contains just 108 calories.
Advocates say the broth has healing powers in addition to weight-loss benefits.
In traditional Chinese medicine, bone broth is believed to be a powerful remedy for the kidneys and adrenal glands, as well as promoting strong teeth and bones.
There is scientific evidence to back such health claims. Studies at Kings College London established that broths made by boiling bones contain as much calcium as an equivalent serving of milk.
Chicken broth can also help recovery from colds and flu, according to research published in the American Journal Of Therapeutics in 2012.
As a bonus, the soup can be prepared in advance and frozen in batches that can be quickly reheated as an alternative to a quick unhealthy snack at the end of a busy day.
AN OLD-FASHIONED MEAL-REPLACEMENT SHAKE
Lynch says there are many benefits to this kind of broth.
In the short term, the broth works in the same way as a meal-replacement drink as it is full of healthy nutrients and vitamins but low in calories, and it could be an effective option for the seriously overweight to lose pounds quickly.
'It's a great opportunity to include a good range of anti-oxidant rich vegetables. The benefits for bone and joint health could be really positive and it's an extremely light, low-calorie option,' Lynch says.
In her book, Wheeler introduces a broader range of soup recipes as a way of incorporating the diet into her lifestyle long-term.
She says she has kept off the weight she lost since starting in late 2012.
Ca, c'est sûr que, si on suit le régime de la conciergerie, on risque pas de prendre trop de poids!
Pauvre Marie Antoinette, on l'aura décidément mise à toutes les sauces...
rien que la mort peut me faire cesser de vous aimer